Potentiel 3.0 supports OpenStreetMap-RDC for the Opencities project. Documentation of the various projects is stored in the Opendatalab repository.

View the Project on GitHub opendatalabrdc/Blog

2018-08-08 Building Geometry Analysis to Support OpenStreetMap Quality Analysis

Technical support to the OpenStreetMap DRC Community by The Potentiel 3.0 Team takes various forms, like supporting with training, drone imagery acquisition, data acquisition and tools to better monitor / manage activities.

Inaccuracy, topological errors while tracing Building brings constant discussion on the OSM groups with the extension of Mapathon in particular to respond to humanitarian crisis and new approachs anre necessary to support adequately the OSM validators work and spot rapidly objects / areas to look at more closely. With the two consecutive Ebola responses in may and august, the Potentiel 3.0 and OSM0-DRC teams have aggreed to look more closely at the quality of the data produced, to produce quality measure of the data produced and produce information to correct it. Our indicator shows that 96.5 % of the buildings correspond to orthogonal (90 degres) and regular angle Topological rules. This is relatively re-assuring with only 3.5% of buildings that need more validation / correction if necessary. Not a perfect measure but one more angle to validate the OSM mapping. Our objective with the focus on the analysis of these irregular buildings, is to validate the more problematic contributions.

Figure 1 Topological errors

In this Blog article, we will present the preliminary results of our project. We think that they are interesting enough to share with the community and discuss while we continue to monitor this humanitarian response. This was produced rapidly from the data that we monitor in the context of this second Ebola response north of DRC that started august 1. We think that th This data was added in the area that correspond to the task 4947. We should follow later with objects proximity analysis (ie building overlaps, building crossing other polygon types, highways, waterways, etc.).

PostGIS database

Our PosgreSQL - PostGIS OSM_hist database id an adaptation the Osmosis Pgsnapshot schema to have the ability to store various OSM historic profiles for an area in a PosgreSQL - PostGIS and manage simply. In this database, each schema represent one extract. For example, we can extract the OSM data for an area at variouus dates and see the progress of the data and data quality for this area.

Topological analysis

All the points on a straight line are ignored from the analysis (no angle). To reduce noise while comparing angles of a specifi polygon, we did accept a variance up two 2% comparing the points. This can be revised rapidly and would identify more polygons to classify as irregular. It seems that the majority correspond to huts probably traced by hand.

Our classification of buildings from the Topological analysis was :

Task 4947

The second Ebola response started august 1 and the task 4947 completed by august 6. The tools that we started to develop before this response, let us analyze rapidly the results. From table 1, we see that 95% of the buildings are orthogonaal and 1.4% are regular for a total of 96.5% of buildings that can be considered to respect topological rules. For the other 3.5% of buildings, we cannot conclude that these buildings are wrongly traced. While we see buildings with various geometry other than orthogonal or regualar type, they are exceptions. And we have now only 650 buildings to look at more closely and see patterns, necessary corrections to apply.

The results of the topological analysis let’s produce a list of OSM id’s from which we can extract from Overpass the OSM current data and analyze in JOSM.

Figure 2 shows an overview map with highlighted buildings in areas where to look at more closely. The Todo plugin in JOSM let’s go through each building to analyze / correct.

Figure 2 Topology Analysis Overview

Figure 3 shows in red what’s appear to be orthonal buildings that were traced roughly and can be corrected rapidly into josm (figures in black), removing unneccessary points and using Q shortcut to make a rectangular (orthogonal) form.

Figure 3 Orhtogonal

Figure 4 shows a hut with regular angles that was traced by hand (in red). Clicking on this way, we use the O shortcut to obtain a regular form (in black). We did not have time yet to look in detail, but it seems that the majority of irregular buildings identified could correspond to huts.

Figure 4 Rectangular

There were 2 buildings before the response and 18,310 buildings added.

Table 1 Building Distribution by Geometry type, Task 4947 area, 2018-07-06

Geometry type Buildings
Open Polygon 0
s Small 0
2m2 or less 18
nr Non Regular 632
o Orthogonal 17,408
r Regular 254
Total 18312

Table 2 Building Distribution by Geometry type and number of points, Task 4947 area, 2018-07-06

Nb Points 2m2 or less nr Non Regular o Orthogonal r Regular Total
5 18 371 16,652 0 17,041
6 0 47 39 0 86
7 0 43 548 15 606
8 0 5 7 2 14
9 0 11 128 58 197
10 0 3 1 2 6
11 0 143 13 109 265
13 0 2 13 3 18
15 0 1 3 1 5
17 0 1 2 0 3
19 0 1 0 0 1
20 0 2 0 64 66
21 0 2 0 0 2
25 0 0 1 0 1
29 0 0 1 0 1
All Buildings 18 632 17,408 254 18,312